The Red Army in Combat 1941-1945 (Eastern Front from Primary Sources)

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Children's Book General Literature. Puncher and Wattmann Printer Friendly Catalogues. Gift Vouchers. Carruthers, Bob ed. This interesting survey draws exclusively from original wartime reports, uncovering rare information on the experiences of the Red Army in combat.

Topics include anti-tank measures, cavalry tactics, parachute battalions, mountain fighters, mortar formations, field defence, infantry tactics, and more. Be the first to review this product. Mannerheim's Order of the Day, 14 March Franklin Roosevelt, Address before a joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives asking additional appropriations for national defense, May 16, Message of President Roosevelt to the Congress, May 31, Franklin Roosevelt, Message to the Congress recommending additional appropriations for national defense, July 10, Statement by the Secretary of State, August 6, Franklin Roosevelt, Message to the Congress informing them of the exchange of certain over-age destroyers for British naval and air bases September 3, Message of President Roosevelt to the Congress, September 3, Franklin Roosevelt, Address to the registrants under the selective-service law October 16, National Counterintelligence Center, "Magic".

James's Place, London, Signed June 12, James's Place, London, June 12, From Foreign Relations , , Vol. IV, pp. The Atlantic Charter, August 14, Memorandum by the Ambassador in Japan Grew , 6 September Franklin Roosevelt, Address over the radio concerning the attack upon the destroyer Greer, September 11, Purple CA To: Washington.

Kurusu, 18 November Kurusu, 20 November Purple CA Urgent Kurusu, 22 November Kurusu, 26 November Purple Extremely urgent To: Tokyo. Navy Translation of Message No. Translation of Japanese Diplomatic Message No. Kurusu, 1 December To: Hsinking.

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Kurusu, 2 December Kurusu, 5 December Archives concerning the attack on Pearl Harbor. David M. Peter Grier, "Pearl Harbor attack: Who was really to blame? Robert J. Franklin Roosevelt, Address over the radio following the declaration of a state of war with the Japanese Empire, December 9, Franklin Roosevelt, Address over the radio on the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the American Bill of Rights, December 15, Roosevelt on January 6, Robert H. Wannsee Protocol, January 20, ; Translation.

Franklin Roosevelt, Address over the radio in celebration of Washington's Birthday, February 23, Mutual Aid Agreement Between the U. The Story of the Guadalcanal Campaign. General Eisenhower's report on Operation Torch. Casablanca Conference, February Battle of Kursk - July, Charles G.

The Red Army in Combat 1941-1945 (Eastern Front from Primary Sources)

Moscow Conference, October Henry A. Cairo Conference, November Connally Resolution, 5 November December 1, Air raids on Helsinki in February General George S. Patton, Jr. Summary of Agreements.

July 22, The Morgenthau Plan. The War Department turns down the request August 14, October 7, Stettinius, Jr. Yalta Conference, February James F. Protocol approved and signed by the three Foreign Secretaries at the Crimean Conference, February 11, Asahi Shimbun , "Military 'deeply involved' in Okinawa suicides," 29 March Roy E.

Political Responsibility for Economic Crises

Appleman , James M. Burns, Russell A. Major General A. XII, No. Broadcasts from the Fall of Corregidor, 6 May The German Surrender Documents, Allied Supreme Commander Dwight D.

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Eisenhower, after the defeat of Nazi Germany, addresses British parliamentarians and the royal family, Guildhall, London, England, June 12, Harry S. Truman, Memoirs Garden City, N. Central Intelligence Agency, The Decision to Drop the Bomb side-by-side comparison of first and final draft, with links to relevant documents. Warning to Japan, August 9, The Japanese Surrender Documents, Foreign Minister Shiegemitsu's Credentials, 1 September General Umezu's Credentials, 1 September First Instrument of Surrender, 2 September One, 2 September Even with these vast resources to hand, however, it took American forces considerable time before they could fight on equal terms with well-trained and determined enemies.

Even with these vast resources to hand, however, it took American forces considerable time before they could fight on equal terms This gap in fighting effectiveness helps to explain the decision taken in Washington to focus a good deal of the American effort on the building up of a massive air power. Roosevelt saw air strategy as a key to future war and a way to reduce American casualties.

At his encouragement the Army Air Forces were able to build up an air force that came to dwarf those of Germany and Japan. At the centre of the strategy was a commitment to strategic bombing, the long- range and independent assault on the economic and military infrastructure of the enemy state. In January the two states finally decided to pool their very large bomber forces in a Combined Offensive against the German economy.

Yet its effect was to distort German strategy and economic capability decisively between and This was achieved in three distinct ways. First, bombing forced the German Air Force to divert most of its fighter force to the defence of Germany, and to reduce sharply the proportion of bomber aircraft produced. The effect was to denude the German frontline of much needed bomber and fighter aircraft; by German air power was easily eroded around the periphery of German-controlled Europe, where pilot losses reached exceptionally high levels.

Second, bombing placed a ceiling on the ability of the German- dominated European economy to produce armaments in quantities that matched the vast resource base of the occupied economies.

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This was achieved through direct destruction, the interruption of raw material, transport and energy supplies on a large scale, and the forced dispersal of German industry away from the most threatened centres. Third, bombing forced Hitler and the German leadership to think of radical ways to combat the threat it posed. Huge resources were diverted to the production of vengeance, or 'V', weapons, which had a very limited impact on Britain when rockets and flying bombs began to fall in the late summer of A gigantic construction project for an underground economy was authorised by Hitler in Organised by Himmler, using camp labour under the most rigorous and deadly regime, millions of man-hours and billions of marks were spent trying to achieve the impossible.

Bombing provided the key difference between the western Allies and Germany.

Eastern Front (World War II)

It played an important part in sustaining domestic morale in Britain and the USA, while its effects on German society produced social disruption on a vast scale by late 8 million Germans had fled from the cities to the safer villages and townships. The use of bombers and fighter-bombers at the frontline helped to ease the path of inexperienced armies that threatened to get bogged down in Normandy and Italy. The debilitating effects on German air power then reduced the contribution German aircraft could make on the Eastern Front, where Soviet air forces vastly outnumbered German.


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The success of air power in Europe persuaded the American military leaders to try to end the war with Japan the same way. City raids from May destroyed a vast area of urban Japan and paved the way for a surrender, completed with the dropping of the two atomic bombs in August Here, too, the American government and public was keen to avoid further heavy casualties. Air power provided a short-cut to victory in both theatres; British and American wartime losses were a fraction of those sustained by Germany, Japan and the USSR, and this in turn made it easier to persuade democratic populations to continue fighting even through periods of crisis and stalemate.

There are many other factors that explain victory and defeat beside von Ribbentrop's trio. Yet without Soviet resistance and reform, American rearmament and economic mobilisation, and western air power, the ability of the three major allies to wear down German and Japanese resistance would have been highly questionable.

This still leaves open the question of German miscalculation. There were weaknesses and strengths in Hitler's strategy, but no misjudgements were more costly in the end than the German belief that the Red Army was a primitive force, incapable of prolonged resistance, or Hitler's insistence that the USA would take years to rearm and could never field an effective army, or the failure to recognise that bombing was a threat worth taking seriously before it was too late.

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